Porcelain Crown/Bridge Making
Porcelain crowns and bridges; It is the preferred treatment method in cases where there is a small number of missing teeth in the mouth. During these applications, the teeth are reduced to the required extent and fixed prostheses specially produced in the laboratory are placed in the mouth to close the gaps. Porcelain crown/bridge treatments, which are generally applied in different stages such as tooth preparation, measurement and prosthesis insertion, are completed in 3-4 sessions.
What is Porcelain Crowns and Bridges?
Porcelain crown and bridge fixed prostheses, which are applied to the visible parts of the mouth and cannot be removed by the patient, can be used with or without metal support. While metal-supported prostheses offer high intraoral strength, they cause an aesthetically problematic appearance. For this reason, it is preferred in cases where there are no aesthetic concerns. Metal supported prostheses support the natural appearance and are suitable for long-term use as they are produced from resistant ceramics such as zirconium. Porcelain crown and bridge treatment applied with the right physician and material preference ensures that the patient gets the best result in terms of aesthetics and mechanics.
- In cases where there is excessive material loss or high rate of decay in the tooth,
- When teeth are irreversibly discolored,
- When deformities occur,
- Teeth at risk of fracture due to poor root canal treatment
Porcelain bridges are; It is applied in cases where there is more than one tooth loss in the mouth. Bridge applications for connecting long and wide spans aim to eliminate eating, drinking and chewing disorders caused by tooth loss. Prosthetic bridges attach to natural teeth or implants near cavities. Peripheral teeth are supportive for bridges and serve to close long intraoral openings.
Why Porcelain Crowns and Bridges Are Made?
Failure to close the cavities in the mouth is a functional problem as well as an aesthetic one and may cause loss of basic functions such as chewing and speaking. In addition to all these, if missing teeth are not made, other neighboring teeth may be adversely affected and the jaw structure of the person may deteriorate over time. In this case, the other teeth begin to move towards the gapped area and a complete deformation is observed in the mouth structure. Subsequently, there is a risk of additional problems such as gum problems, bone and tissue losses, and deterioration in dental aesthetics. For this reason, it is necessary to close the cavities in the mouth with appropriate treatment methods and to eliminate the existing problems. Gaps that are not filled with bridge or crown treatments can lead to damage and loss of other teeth.
How Are Porcelain Crowns and Bridges Applications?
Porcelain crown and bridge construction covers different processes, both applications are made to solve intraoral aesthetic and functional problems. Bridge treatments are generally preferred to eliminate minor tooth deficiencies where excessive material loss and fractures begin, while bridge treatments are used to fill long tooth gaps.
In the application of crowns;
- First, the damaged tooth is extracted and the adjacent teeth in the area are cleaned and prepared for crown application.
- At this stage, the caries in the adjacent teeth are cleaned and the remaining gap is measured.
- The impression taken is sent to the laboratory and usually a few days are waited for the custom prosthesis to be made.
- In the next session, the prepared prosthesis is placed in the mouth.
- Finally, the intraoral compatibility of the prosthesis is checked and the crown is fixed after the height and width controls.
In bridge treatments;
- The opening in the mouth is determined and the natural teeth to which the bridge will adhere are prepared by cleaning.
- The bridge measurement is taken and sent to the laboratory.
- A temporary bridge is placed in the area until the permanent bridge is prepared.
- After the permanent bridge preparation process is completed, the temporary bridge is removed and replaced with a permanent one.
How to Care for Porcelain Crowns and Bridges?
Well-made porcelain crowns and bridges are long-lasting, but this time varies depending on patient use. For this reason, it is important for the patient to pay attention to oral hygiene after the application and to take into account the recommendations of the dentist. In addition to regular brushing and flossing, regular medical check-ups are also required. In this way, it is possible to use the existing porcelain for a long time.
While providing an aesthetic appearance to the intended patient with porcelain prostheses, it eliminates the existing intraoral deformation and prevents new problems that may occur in the oral structure. In addition, it helps to fulfill impaired speech, chewing and eating functions. This is useful for gaining self-confidence.